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Funding Of Tertiary Education And Academic Performance Of Undergraduates In A Non-Residential Campus




This study investigated the funding of tertiary education and academic performance of undergraduate in non-residential campus. The population of the study comprised all students and staff in non-residential campuses in Imo state. The study adopted a descriptive design approach as the instrument for data collection was a questionnaire. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study. The researcher used mean and standard deviation in the analysis of data used for the study. The major findings showed that the revenue for tertiary institutions are through school fees, foreign aids, acceptance fee, donations from philanthropists and sales of souvenirs as agreed by the respondents. It is also agreed by the respondents that we can generate funds for the effective management of tertiary institution through school fees, foreign aids, acceptance fees, donation from philanthropists and sales of souvenirs. Finally, it is recommended that stressful teaching and learning amongst students and lecturers, low individual capacity building of students and lectures, low motivation of work amongst staff of tertiary institutions are the extent to which funding of tertiary institutions affects the academic performance of undergraduates in a non-residential campus.



Background of the Study

A residential college is a division of a university that places academic activity in a community setting of students and faculty usually at a residence and with shared meals, the college having a degree of autonomy and a federated relationship with the overall university. The term residential college is also sued to describe a variety of other patterns, ranging from a damnatory with some academic programming, to continuing education programs for adults lasting a few days. In some parts of the world it simply refers to any organized on –campus housing.

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Funding is thee act of providing financial resources, usually in the form of money or other values such as effort or time, to finance a need, program and project usually by an organization or company.

Academic performance or performance is the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their short or long term educational goal. Cumulative GPA high school and bachelors degree represents academic performance. Academic performance is commonly measured through examination or continuous assessment but there is no general agreement on how it is best evaluated to which are most important procedural knowledge, such as skills or declarative knowledge such as facts. Furthermore, there are inconclusive results over which individual factors successfully predict academic performance, elements such as test, anxiety, environment, motivation and emotions require consideration when developing models of school achievements.

Tertiary education is a vehicle for economic and social development in different part of the world.

The national policy on education in Nigeria describes tertiary education “as the education that is given after secondary education in universities, colleges of education, agriculture, technology Monotechnics including those institutions offering corresponding courses. Tertiary institutions have the responsibilities of equipping individuals with knowledge and skills required for positions of responsibilities in government, business and other spheres of life.

The educational programmes of every institution must be geared towards the achievement of the objectives of the national policy on education, evidence of what the country wants her education system to achieve for her. According to FRN (2013) the goals of the tertiary education in Nigeria as contained in the national policy on education includes; to contribute to national development through high level relevant manpower training, developed and inculcate proper values for the survival of the individual and society, develop the intellectual capability of individuals to understand and appreciate their local and external environment, acquire both physical and intellectual skills which enable individuals to be self reliant and useful members of the society, promote and encourage scholarship and community service, forge and cement national unity and promote national and international understanding and interaction.

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These goals are important to the needs of the society, but how can these goals be achieved, when Nigerian tertiary institution, students have in and out of academic session for nearly two decades due to incessant strike actions by the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) over poor funding of the tertiary institutions in Nigeria.

If has come to the knowledge of the researcher that poor funding of the tertiary institutions such as poor research grants, poor salary, poor funding development and infrastructure etc. are responsible for this incessant strike has prompted the researcher to study the effects of inadequate funding of tertiary institutions on the academic performance of students in Imo State in order to profer solutions to the problems.

Statement of the Problem

In the 1970s an undergraduate in a Nigerian tertiary institution could comfortably have a good laboratory to prefer his/her practical test even outside lecture times because the materials were really and readily available. Today, students of tertiary institutions in Nigeria generally and Imo State university in particular can no longer read wide because they have limited photocopied materials and monographs. These are problems arising due to poor funding of tertiary institutions. What are the implication of this ugly situation on the academic performance of students and stressful teaching and learning at tertiary institutions, in addition to absence of effective students’ research and innovation?

Scope of the Study

The scope of the study is limited to accessing the funding of tertiary education and academic performance of undergraduates in a non-residential campus. The study highlights the sources of funding of tertiary education and academic performance of undergraduates in a non-residential campus.

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Purpose of the Study

The general purpose of this study is to find out whether funding in tertiary institution affects the academic performance of undergraduates in a non-residential campus. Specifically, the researcher aimed at;

  1. Ascertaining the various sources of funds for the effective management of tertiary institutions,
  2. Finding out who is responsible for financing tertiary institution and the problems encountered by such agency of government revenue.
  3. Investigating if funding of tertiary institutions affects the performance of students in Imo State.

Significance of the Study

The research will be responsible to a number of individuals and group in the society. These groups and individuals are students, government agencies, other researchers, thus;

Final year students who are writing their final year research project on a related topic can use this research project as a reference material from which they can deduce or derive the research format and other relevant information.

The implementation of the recommendation made in this research work, will help relevant government agencies on education to effectively solve the problems of poor funding of tertiary education in Nigeria.

Research Questions

In order to effectively solve the research problem, the following research questions were formulated to guide the study;

  1. What are the sources of funding and revenue for tertiary institutions in non-residential campuses?
  2. In what ways should we guarantee funds for the effective management of non-residential tertiary institutions?
  3. To what extent does funding of tertiary institutions affect the academic performance of undergraduates in a non-residential campus?

Pages:  56

Category: Project

Format:  Word & PDF        

Chapters: 1-5

Material contains Table of Content, Abstract and References.

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