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Problems Of Finacing Public Secondary Shool In Owerri Municipal Council Of Imo State




The aim of this research was to appraise the problems of financing public secondary education in Owerri Municipal. The sample consists of 200 staffs.

Five research questions were raised which south opinions of the respondents. A structured questionnaire was constructed using the four point biket scale of strongly Agreed, Agreed, Strongly Disagreed, Disagreed. A total of two hundred copies of the questionnaire were distributed to the respondents. The item of the statement were filled and returned responses of the respondents were analysed using arithmetic mean and the following findings and recommendations were established.

Governments should give free education from students of junior secondary to senior secondary schools in Owerri Municipal Council Area of Imo State.

Bursaries and scholarship should be awarded to student who performed well in senior secondary school examinations. Government should ensure prompt payment of teacher’s salaries and other allowances, government should ensure adequate provision of instructional materials, government should increase the budgetary allocation education.


In this chapter, the researchers presents the background to the study, statement of the problem, scope of the study, purpose of the study, significance of the study and research questions.

Background of the Study

 The problems of education meltdown of our public secondary schools is down to the coherent fact that the appropriate financier (the state government) does not disburse funds at the right time that explains the reason why our public secondary schools are loosing their value in all ramification of judgment following and respecting the hypothesis of our research. It is imperative to state that our public secondary schools in Owerri Municipal Council Area of Imo State are facing similar Herculean challenges with that of the insurgence of Boko Haram in Nigeria.

The cost of education to parents, the government and other stakeholders is so high that one may not be wrong to wonder why so much should be spent on education. We need to convince ourselves that we are doing the right thing by channeling so much or our private and public resources into education is the only distinguishing mark between man and animals. Education not only presence and transmits cultures, it also improves advances and changes culture. Animal behaviour is instinctive and hardly ever changes but education. And being through learning and education keeps changing his ways food. Clothing transportation religion and language etc.. Education is therefore a necessity and man must be prepared to pay for it unlike animals that fend for itself within months the human child is born so helpless that he needs all the cares attention and education that the older generation can extend to hi,. It takes years for the child to learn, to tend for himself. It has been found that the longer the appropriate and the more qualitative his education, the more useful man is to himself and his society, everybody therefore benefits from the child‟s proper education as well as loses from the child‟s improper education.

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The illiteracy level of a developing country like Nigeria brings to the awareness that through education is intensive. It remains a sure way to the nations as well as states development socially, intellectually politically, economically, morally and national development without mass education this is why Odeyemi (1983) has insisted that: Illiteracy is an obstacle to progress and personal fulfillment of any people for example. The industrialized nations of the world with relatively stable political system have a literacy rate of seventy five to ninety five percent (75- 95%), while the developing nations having unstable economics have only eight to

twenty percent (8-20%).Obun (2008) equally agree with Odeyimi when he argued that “no community state or country makes progress with an illiteracy population”.

The national policy on educational (2004) is an official document that spelt out in clear and unequivocal terms the policies that guide government efforts in using education as and tool for attainment of the overall national objectives of national policy on education is an indication that Nigeria is not only cognizant of the national education problems but also set out to solve the problems. In section 1 No 7 of the national education aims and objectives as follows:

  1. The inculcating of the right types of national consciousness and National
  2. The inculcating of the right types of values and attitude for the survived of the individual and the Nigeria society.
  3. The training of the mind in the understanding of the world
  4. The acquisition of appropriate skills abilities and competence both national and physical as equipment for the individual to live in and

Contribute to the development of society. The establishment and implementation of secondary education in Nigeria poses as one of the avenues through which Nigerians can realize the above dream. The realization of these dreams through education entails that this sector of the economy should be adequately and properly financed. According to Achiunine (1997) Finance is the bedrock of security development and maintenance of other resources needed to implement the programmes of any organization where money is needed to employ develop, and maintain good quality staff, to provide good quality and suitable buildings, facilities, equipment and educative environment that will foster well valued and relevant education to the people.

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Nnoli (2003) rightly observed that the effects of inadequate financing on the Nigeria education sector are legion. They include the following: > Inadequate and out dated library books and journal.

  • Inadequate resources for recurrent
  • Inadequate capital resources, which have led to suspension and or non- completion of capital projects, leading to over crowed and rundown facilities lecture half classrooms and hostels.
  • Inadequate staffing and training, poor motivation and low staff
  • Instability in academic calendar caused by incessant strikes actions by students and teachers deficiencies in the curriculum and its delivery
  • Cultism in student
  • Examination malpractices
  • Mercenary attitude to teaching and

The above is the picture of our education sectors today but the reverse will be the case if our education sector is being adequately and properly financed. Hence there will be adequate science materials and resources for recurrent expenditures. Capital resources will no longer be in short supply and this will lead to non-suspension and completion of capital projects leading to adequate provision of conducive learning, environment and facilities for affective teaching and learning instability in academic calendar as a result of strike actions, deficiencies in the curriculum and its delivery cultism, examination malpractices and mercenary attitudes to teaching and research will be forgotten history in the country.

The National Policy on Education (2004) defines secondary education as the education children receive after primary education and before the tertiary stage “that is, it is the types of educational structure lying between primary and higher education. In Nigeria, institutions known as secondary schools provide this kinds of education. The policy went further to stipulate on the broad goals of secondary education as: a preparation of the children for useful.

  1. Preparation of the children for useful living within the society as well as
  2. Preparation of the children for higher

If the objectives for the establishment of secondary schools are to be met and the education policy implemented effectively at this level there arises the need to

provide adequate financial support to it this need to help in the building and maintenance of secondary education in Nigeria and in Imo State in particular, cannot be over emphasized as the success of any system of education is hinge on proper planning, efficient administration and adequate financing.


Financing education in Nigeria is a major concern of the three tiers of government viz Federal State and local government from the federation account. The undeclaration stated that 26% of the total country budgets should be allocated to education. Over the years, in Nigeria allocation portioned to education is below the undeclaration, which leads to poor funding of secondary education.

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In Imo State, the case is the same as a result of that government have failed in providing educational materials that will aid teaching and learning activities thereby resulting to poor performance of students in secondary education in external and internal examination.

Scope of the Study

 This research work attempts to examine the problem of financing secondary education using public schools in Owerri Municipal Council as a case study. The study is delimited to the evaluation of government involvement in financing secondary education. The sources of finance for secondary education. The position of school administration and stakeholders in financing education this study would have been extensively carried out to involve the suggestion to the problem of financing secondary education.

Purpose of the Study

 This research aim at the following:

  1. To ascertain how government is involved in financing secondary
  2. To ascertain the sources of financing secondary
  3. To ascertain   the   effects   of   financing   secondary   education       on             teachers productivity.
  4. To ascertain the position of schools administrators and stakeholders in financing secondary education.
  5. To ascertain the possible solution to the problems of financing secondary

Significance of the Study

 This research work is set out to achieve the problem of financing secondary education. But when the result is established the research will help the government at the various levels to know their responsibilities towards the financing of secondary education as well as serves as a guideline in the disbursement of funds to the various education sectors.


It will equally enlighten the various stakeholders in educational sector on how to source funds and manage the limited resources at their disposal to achieve quality and effective education in line with the national objectives.

Finally, it will sensitize the society and create awareness of the benefits of adequate funding of secondary education which will motivate them to contribute meaningful towards the realization of desirable education out comes.

Research Questions

 The following research questions were raised to guide the study.

  1. How is government involved in financing secondary education?
  2. What are the sources of financing secondary education?
  3. What are the effects of financing secondary education on teacher productivity level?
  4. What are the positions of schools administrator and stakeholder in financing secondary education?
  5. What are the possible solutions to the problems of financing secondary education?

    Pages:  70

    Category: Project

    Format:  Word & PDF               

    Chapters: 1-5                                          

    Source: Imsuinfo

    Material contains Table of Content, Abstract and References.


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