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Impact Of Motivation On Business Studies Students’ Performance In Junior Secondary Schools In Oshimili South Local Government Area Of Delta State

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Abstract

This study investigated the impact of motivation on business studies students’ performance in Junior Secondary Schools in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State. To achieve the essence, the study was divided into five chapters. Three research questions were raised and answered in the study, related literature were reviewed in the study. The study used a descriptive survey. The population comprised of all the business studies teachers teaching in public junior secondary schools which consist of twenty five (25) business studies teacher in Asaba, Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State. There was no sample because the population was small. The instrument for data collection was questionnaire which was validated by two lecturers from the school of business education. The method of data collection was mean statistics to answer the research questions. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that business studies teachers should adjust their attitude/behaviour in a way that will help motivate or reinforce the attitude of students in other to improve their academic performance.

 CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 Background to the Study

The word “motivation” comes from a Latin word “movers” which means to move; thus motivation can literary mean the process of arousing movement in individual (Keller, 2013). However, motivation is the means of activating the behavior of an individual towards the accomplishment of certain goals (Akinson 2016). Thus, to motivate an individual or group of individual, it is to compel them an action to achieve a fit need. Motivation guides people action and towards achievement of some goals (Analoui 2013).

The concept of motivation is considered as a crucial factor that affects human behavior and performance (Turan 2015). Especially educational researchers and practitioners express that motivation is one of the most important factors in student achievement and in ensuring continuous achievement. Lin (2012) describes motivation as intrinsic desires which are already present in the individual or which are reflected in the individual while acquiring new information and learning.

Achievement is generally a pedagogical terminology used while determining learners’ success in formal education and which is measured through reports examinations, researches, and ratings with numerous factors of variables exerting influence. Essentially, the National Policy on education (Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2014) has identified school achievement contents according to school subjects which are classified as core or elective subjects. Jam (2017) opined that academic performance is the ability to study and remember facts and being able to communicate your knowledge verbally or on paper. In other words, academic performance refers to how students deal with their studies and how they cope with or accomplish different tasks given to them by their teachers.  Academic performance generally refers to how well a student is accomplishing his or her tasks or studies. There are quite a number of factors that determine the level and quality of students’ academic performance.

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According to Jam (2016) academic performance is the ability to study and remember facts and being able to communicate your knowledge verbally or on paper. In other words, academic performance refers to how students deal with their studies and how they cope with or accomplish different tasks given to them by their teachers.  Academic performance generally refers to how well a student is accomplishing his or her tasks or studies. There are quite a number of factors that determine the level and quality of students’ academic performance. (Scottk, 2012).

Business is any activity performed or service rendered which provide goods or services to satisfy human needs and desires Olatunji (2015) asserted that it should be noted that any business activity must be legal and must bring a reward or profit.  The goods and services provided in any business activity must result in the provision of tangible or intangible goods. Tangible goods are products you can see physically or hold e.g biro, shoes, dresses etc while intangible goods are what cannot be seen or touch, it involves service rendered by teachers, doctors, engineer, etc.

Olatunji (2015) further stated that business studies can therefore be seen as an academic subject that embraces areas such as accounting, marketing and economics.” Mostly, business study is the study at an academic level of how businesses operate in the various global marketplaces, both at a practical and theoretical level.

Education system like other institution has set goals aims and objectives, targets, etc which are set out to be achieved and if this must be achieved, the business studies teachers must be ready to play their role efficiently and effectively. Hence the business studies teacher occupies an important position in the educational system of any secondary schools. This is because they act as the bridge between the learners and curriculum of the society. Obilom in Nwaokolo (2015) stated that the teachers constitute the most vital position in the education system Igbiouou (2014) states that the teachers is the hope of two education because the school cannot be better than its teachers and teachers is to see that the child develops the right habit, ideas and ethnical standards.

One of the most important factors that move every human being to achieve his or her goal is motivation. Indeed, the motivation is that guiding principle that enables people to stay focused on the path of success regardless of the challenges that may be encountered. This includes personal as well as professional goals and targets (Baumeister & Voh, 2014). Some scholars in the field believe that if this driving force did not exist, people would live in the rut of monotony and no great discoveries or interventions would have happened. According to Cory (2010), early conceptions assumed that work was an intrinsically undesirable pursuit and that workers naturally sought to do as little as possible which then translated into a sort of carrot-and-stick managerial policy.

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In work and other contexts therefore, motivation is often described as being intrinsic or extrinsic in nature (Sansone & Harackiewicz, 2010). Intrinsic motivation, deriving from within the person or from the activity itself, positively affects behavior, performance, and well being (Ryan & Deci, 2010). Extrinsic motivation on the other hand, results from the attainment of external administered rewards and influences, including pay, material possessions, prestige, and positive evaluations among others. In contrast to extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation is said to exist when the behavior is performed for its own sake rather than to obtain material or social re-enforcers.

Most recent research work tends to support the view that motivation emanates from inside and that an individual has his/her own set of motivation forces (Adam 2012,). Nevertheless, both sources of motivation are important and it is the duty of the administrators and governing bodies of institutions to carefully identify and address these motivation forces in order to achieve both individual and organization goals.

Statement of the Problem

The importance of motivation cannot be underestimated because it is the basis of every conducive learning. Despite the importance of student motivation, most teachers and school administrator still fails to motivate students which makes them to perform poorly academically because most students perform better when there are motivated and if such student is in the class whereby teachers and school administrator fails to motivate students it implies that that student will not perform better academically. It is on this note that the researcher went out on field study elicit the impact of motivation on the performance of students in business studies in junior secondary schools in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State which the teacher and students were able to elicit that there are a lot of problem affecting the impact of motivation and it include: lack of students involvement during teaching and learning, lack of reinforcement during teaching and learning, learners centered instruction method, lack of conducive learning environment, students task orientation and skill acquisition, students personality and self concept, feeling of inadequacy, shortage of qualified teachers, poor facilities, lack of equipment and instructional materials for effective teaching among others. However, it was based on the above fact that made the researcher to investigate on the impact of motivation on the performance of students’ in business studies in junior senior secondary school in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State.

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of the study is to assess the impact of motivation on the performance of students’ in business studies in junior senior secondary school in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State.

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Specifically, the study sought to:

  1. Examine whether lack of students participation during teaching and learning affect the performance of students in business studies in Junior Secondary Schools.
  2. Determine whether reinforcement during teaching and learning influence the performance of students in business studies in Junior Secondary Schools.
  3. Determine whether lack of learners centered instruction method affect the performance of students in business studies in Junior Secondary Schools.

Research Question

  1. How does lack of students’ participation during teaching and learning affect the performance of students in business studies?
  2. How does reinforcement during teaching and learning influence the performance of students in business studies in Junior Secondary Schools?
  3. How does lack of learners centered instruction method affect the performance of students in business studies in Junior Secondary Schools?

Significance of the Study

The significance of this study could of immense benefit to the government, teachers, student, parents and school administrator at large.

The government, this study could help them see reason why students need to be motivated because it helps in improving their academic performance in schools and after identifying all the problems they have to provide a possible measure to eradicate the non-motivation of student in junior secondary school.

To the teachers it could make them to understand that without motivating student, the student can’t perform better in class. Example when a teacher motivate a learner that answer question in class by asking the other students to clap for him/her, it will encourage the other students to answer question in class so that they can clap for them also.

To the students’ because they will understand the need of motivation and it makes them to go extra mile to study so that they can be motivated positively by the teacher and the school authority at large such as when a teacher motivate a student that obtain first position in class or even the school authority rewarding the student.

The result of this study couldalso help the parent because it will enable them know the importance of motivation in their children academic performance and provide all the necessary equipment that will help them to perform better in school.

Finally, this study enable the school authority to put all the measure needed to motivate student academic performance in senior secondary schools.

Scope of the study:

The study focuses on impact of motivation on the performance of students’ in business studies in junior senior secondary school in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State. The study covers student participation, reinforcement, lack of learner centred instructional method affects students performance. Only business studies teachers were used as respondents.


Pages:  84

Category: Project

Format:  Word & PDF               

Chapters: 1-5                                          

Source: Imsuinfo

Material contains Table of Content, Abstract and References.

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