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Physics/Industrial Physics

Construction And Testing Of Robotic Car For Delivery Of Pharmaceutical Products

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ABSTRACT

Robotic cars are robot vehicles designed to drive themselves without human intervention using sensors to actuate in the environment and they have been extensively studied as one of the top technologies for the future. Robots and artificial intelligence are both evolving fast emissions. The major thing about this project is Robotic car with Arduino uno. Chapter 3 talks about the components used in this project; Chapter 4 is the result of the work. Conclusively the project work aims at developing the affordable Robotic Car for delivery of Pharmaceutical products using motor driver with the aid of a arduino Uno, we were able to build a robotic car that can drive itself This design and construction was archived after going through several literature reviews of which the principle of Robotic car was discussed and the beginning of Robotic car put into view.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

A robotic car is a car with artificial intelligence and the ability to drive itself without any human interaction. Nowadays robotic-vehicles have been widely used in various kinds of fields like industries, academic, research and development, militaries and so on. The robotic-vehicles are small vehicles designed for spying, surveillance and inspection purposes. Robotic cars are robot vehicles designed to drive themselves without human intervention using sensors to actuate in the environment and they have been extensively studied as one of the top technologies for the future. Robots and artificial intelligence are both evolving fast. Years ago, there was no contact with robotic systems and working with autonomous machines was rare, even on places with easy access to advanced technology. This is changing at a fast pace with the improvement of computer performance and the discovery of new technologies and techniques in areas like Artifitial intelligence itself, computer vision, instrumentation, Embebbed controllers, among others. We are a long way from everyday robots in our daily lives, though, but the presence of these machines in our environment has increased and it is a promise for a better future. Among the most broached subjects on robots, the autonomous vehicles, or robotic cars, draw the attention of a lot of different public. Industries robots, the autonomous vehicles, or robotic cars, industries look into it as a tool for the future, while health and safety professional look to autonomous traffic systems as a probable solution for the ever growing numbers of accidents we have today. The idea of having a car that can drive itself is simply too useful. The prospect of no more car accidents, bring able to go to places without having to worry about traffic, or maybe going somewhere by yourself, even if you do not have a license or if you have an inability. No need (or way) for drunk people to drive, fluid traffic even on peak hours. Advanced sensing equipment and the use of lasers and cameras. One of the biggest benefits of a robot car is a substantially lower crash potential when compared to human drives. This car cannot get distracted and senses all angles, so it is much more capable of preventing an accident, unlike human drivers who can be distracted and can only see several angles at a time. Another reason for this is that the car has sensing equipment capable of noting when objects are too close. The car’s artificial intelligence is based on human actions and if an object gets too close, the car will have a human reaction to the object, such as swerving or moving away. As of 2011, a robot car has not been officially released to the public and is still in the testing stages. If such a car does become public, many experts predict it will result in lighter frames because of the substantially decreased possibility of crashing. A fleet of autonomous, electrically powered robot vehicles has started delivering medicine to care homes in London’s Borough of Hounslow as part of a public trial. The (Kar-go 2019), from U.K. startup Academy of Robotics, will be the first custom-built autonomous delivery vehicle to conduct last-mile deliveries public roads in Britain. Nowadays robotic-vehicles have been widely used in various kinds of fields like industries, academic, research and development, militaries and so on. The robotic-vehicles are small vehicles designed for spying, surveillance and inspection purposes. They can be customized for specific applications and are made with some special features. They are remotely controlled vehicle, equipped with a camera, transmitting video data to the intervention troop. Troopers can access the situation in the room where the small vehicle is thrown. They are made to small and compact enough to easily transport. Most of them are designed for use in rough terrain. In brief, robotic-vehicles must be small and lightweight, robust, mobile, tele-operated (wireless). In this research, a movable robotic-vehicles with a smartphone controller is implemented. The vehicle is not quite huge one and designed to be easy in transportation. The robotic car controller is to control the robot to reach the desirable destination. The robotic-vehicles is fundamentally made up of smart-phone, Arduino-Uno microcontroller, L298 motor driver, DC motors and four movable wheels. When the user drives the robot with the robotic-vehicles will move to desired destination. Robotic-vehicles is a vehicle that operates without an on-board human presence while in contact with the ground. Robotic-vehicles is applicable where it may be inconvenient, dangerous, or impossible to have a human operator present. The vehicle will have a set of sensors to observe the environment, and will either autonomously make decisions about its behavior or pass the information to a human operator at a different location who will control the vehicle through Tele-operation. Generally, there are two classes of robotic-vehicles; remote-operated and autonomous robotic-vehicles. A remote-operated robotic-vehicle is a vehicle that acts upon directions given by a human operator in a remote location by means of a communication link. All movements are determined by the operator based upon remote sensory inputs such as visual line-of-sight observation or digital video cameras (Mithleysh, 2011). This research work aim to construct a robotic car in order to assist in the delivery of Pharmaceutical product in the Hospital.

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1.2     AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The main aim of this project is to Construct and testing of Robotic Car for delivery of Pharmaceutical products.

1.3     SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

  1. To construct Robotic Car
  2. To test the performance of the Robotic Car
  • To draw up conclusions from the result

       

1.4     PROBLEM STATEMENT:

Transferring some materials can be harmful or the field itself could be dangerous, for example in the pharmaceutical industry, and in any critical transfer process. Controller errors can damage the field, the high sensitivity of project materials.  Robotic cars can be a helping hand in the pharmaceutical industry for the delivering of pharmaceutical products

 1.5     Significance

  1. Pharmacy automation systems have transformed the healthcare landscape, they increase efficiency, improve the patient care and enhance the productivity, they can be a major time-saver for the pharmacy, dispensing robots offer faster services.
  2. Automation reduces dispensing errors leading to efficiencies in dispensary though put and turn around timers, enabling of re-engineering of pharmacy services.
  • Robotic pharmacy can increase your business’s profits, it can create new revenue streams for your pharmacy, it can enable your pharmacy to add an additional location where you might never be able to start a full service pharmacy.
  1. Hospital pharmacist staffs use robotics to reduce cost and delivery time, so the use of these robots requires no new staff, as existing personnel incorporate it.
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1.6                   Limitations

 

  1. High startup cost, partly resulting from needed facility renovations, However, these facility renovations lead to more cost, such as high continuing supports cost, although the cost of pharmacy robots continue to decrease, information systems and other robotic pharmacy support costs keep increasing
  2. Robotic car can reduce human effort or errors, it is important to emphasize the fact that machines also commit the errors, besides costs, Robotics pharmacies still have a lack of solutions for some types of products such as blood derivatives
  3. Robotic pharmacy technologies are expensive, so the losers of this technology would be the staff that would suffer reductions to offset the price of the technology
  4. Robotic pharmacy can enhance precision and accuracy.

    Pages:  55

    Category: Project

    Format:  Word & PDF               

    Chapters: 1-5                                          

    Source: Imsuinfo

    Material contains Table of Content, Abstract and References.

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