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Impact Of Motivation On The Performance Of Business Studies Teachers In Oshimili South Local Government Area Of Delta State

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Abstract

The study investigated the impact of motivation on the performance of business studies teachers in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State. Four research questions were raise to guide the study. Descriptive survey design was adapted for the study. The population comprised of all thirty six (36) teachers teaching in nine (9) public secondary school in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State, sample of the study was a purposive sampling because they are manageable. The instrument for data collection was questionnaire which was validated by experts in measurement and evaluation. The method of data collection was mean statistics to answer the research questions. The findings revealed that irregular payment of teacher’s salary, lack of motivation on business studies teachers, poor working condition and poor career advancement   influences the performance of business studies teachers. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that government should ensure that teacher’s salaries are regularly paid which will motivate the ability of the teacher and school authorities should motivate business studies teachers with fringe benefit and incentives in other to make them increase their teaching performance

 CHAPTER ONE 

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Secondary schools are established to educate students to enable them contribute to the economic, political and social cultural well being of their country.  In Oshimli South Local Government Area of Delta State, there appears to be an hindrance in the realization of objectives of secondary school.  An important factor responsible for the non-attainment of the overall purpose of secondary school is due to inadequate motivation of staff. Secondary schools teachers are different in sex and status.  However sufficient efforts are not made by the Government, proprietors and some parents to motivate the secondary schools teachers in Isu Local Government Area to teach the students (Dubini 2012).

Bulya (2007) assents that:- The Government is not left out in making the teachers feel inferior. Thus, there is need to motivate teachers to enable them teach their students very well.  The teachers should be paid their salaries on time, the parents of students should not snub teachers and the government should give car loans to the teachers, entertainment allowance and meal subsidies.

Teacher’s motivation has become an important issue given their responsibilities to impact knowledge and skills. It is argued that satisfied teachers is generally more productive and can influence students’ achievement (Martter, 2002). According to (Etuk, 2002), defined motivation as the actor process of giving someone a reason for doing something. Motivation is one of the essential element of management, that could make the achievement of the overall objective of an organization possible. Motivation guides peoples action.

Motivation is the means of activating the behavior of an individual towards the accomplishment of certain goals (Akinson 2008). Thus, to motivate an individual or group of individual, it is to compel them an action to achieve a fit need. Motivation guides people action and towards achievement of some goals (Analoui 2000).

Education system like other institution has set goals aims and objectives, targets, etc which are set out to be achieved and if this must be achieved, the business studies teachers must be ready to pay their role efficiently and effectively. Hence the business studies teacher occupies an important position in the educational system of any secondary schools. This is because they act as the bridge between the learners and curriculum of the society. Obilom (2005) stated that the teachers constitute the most vital position in the education system Igbiouou (2009) states that the teachers is the hope of two education because the school cannot be better than its teachers and teachers is to see that the child develops the right habit, ideas and ethnical standards.

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Education is a vital tool of change and it unlocks the door to civilization. The business studies teacher holds the keys to the door of education and also, she is the facilitator that translate educational policies into practice and programmed into action and her adequacies in terms of what of what she knows and how she can make a difference in the life of a learner and her mistakes, failure and inability to impact knowledge will have negative effect on the learner. The teacher therefore, is a vital component of educational system because he/she is the main determinant of the quality of the system. Therefore, motivation on the business studies teachers’ performance in secondary schools is very important to the long term growth of any educational system of the world. This is because it has effects on the academic performance of students and overall standard of education.

Adebayo (2001) pointed out that though there are many factors that job is excellently rooted upon, and these factors includes; educational policy, leadership style, pay and fringe benefit, material rewards, achievement among others. Adebayo (2011) further stated that the influence of motivational factors on the teachers performance could be positive or otherwise. Motivation can be inform of regular payment of salaries fringe benefits such as allowance, bomus on the job training, promotion of the teachers, provision goods work environment, maintaining of high degree of relationship and improving the teachers general well being. Hence any teacher that enjoys the above name items is bound to give in her best in discharging of her duties. Thus there is need to motivate teachers in order to enable them teach the students very well. The teachers should be paid their salaries on time, the parents of the students should not snub teachers and the government should give care loans to the teachers

Furthermore, Bulya (2007) observes that the delay in the payment of teachers’ salaries is responsible for the poor image of the teacher. He further added that in 2013, school teacher salaries was delayed in Gongola states for monitors, in the same year teachers in Bauchi local government are appealed to the state government to do everything possible to ensure that they day school teachers is paid arrears of their two months salaries. The nonpayment of secondary schools teacher’s salaries on time makes it difficult for them to meet their family financial obligation at home. Hence teachers needs to be motivated by the government to enable them perform well in the secondary schools. Some teachers are very important in our secondary school because the teach the students, there are need to motivate the teachers to enable them perform well in teaching student in secondary schools. Musa (2000) stated that the delay in the payment of salaries of teacher and other fringe benefit are sufficient widence for this nonchalant of teacher’s attitude to welfare. He further added that the nonpayment of teacher salaries has for reacting consequences on our educational system and its products. Outstanding among these consequences also the falling standard of education. When the teachers do not teach the students well, and do not go to classes which wil result for the student  not to perform well. When teachers go to strike the effect is not felt immediately so the government do not care and the student rejoice that they are free. When the teachers resumes from their strike, they will rush the students or jump some topics in the scheme of work in other to meet up by the end of the term which will make the students not to know some of the topics the teachers jumped.

Furthermore, teachers’ motivation is very vital and non motivation of teachers is affecting the performance of the students which may lead to falling standard of the educational system which the government set up. It is therefore on this ground that this research work stands to investigate on impact of motivation of business studies teachers’ performance on the education system towards achieving National Education objective.

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Statement of the Problem

There are many factors associated to the falling system of education as regards to this topic; impact of motivation on the performance of business studies teachers in secondary schools in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State. The falling standard of education which also leads to the failing of students have been a major concern to parents, teachers, government and the society at large, and those problems that attributed to this includes; salary, package, leadership style, fringe benefit career advancement, teachers motivation, promotion, working condition, environmental and societal acceptance. For an effective and functional secondary educational to be achieved therefore, the need to take cognizance of the performance of the imputes (teachers in this context) is very essential.  However, in view of the unhealthy government, private proprietors and school administrators attitude towards making much impact to motivate business studies teachers to perform in secondary schools, it could be rightly asserted that delay in payment of teachers salaries, poor condition of work, lack of job security, nonpayment of entertainment allowance and meal subsidy, grant of car loans among others are responsible for the lack of motivation of business teachers. Thus, business studies teachers in secondary school are currently facing many challenges in education and in the society which may also affect the impacts of motivation (Adenike 2011). This raises concern regarding the attitude of educations towards their work and their levels of job motivation she stated Kesterner as cited in Adenike (2011) posited that almost half of new teachers leave’s the field during the first five years of their employment. This should be great concern to all employers because motivated and unhappy employees may mean poor performance and high staff turnover. Fajan (2002) identified lack of recognition for work well done through merit or announcement in meetings, lack of material resources which makes employees to any out their duties and lack of staff development activities which prevents personnel from being equipped with knowledge and skills that they need in order to provide quality services as factors that can bring about dissatisfactive in work place. Hence the poor treatment given to business studies teachers in secondary schools has caused immense concern to parents, ministries of education and the society as a whole.  The researcher therefore wishes to examine the impact of motivation on the performance of business studies teachers in secondary schools in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State.

The Purpose of the Study

The broad purpose of this study is to examine the impact of motivation on the performance of business studies teachers in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State.

The specific objective are:

  1. To find out if irregular payment of teachers salaries affects teachers performances
  2. To investigate the impact of motivation on business studies teachers
  3. To verify extent of the working conditions of teachers influence on their teaching performance.
  4. To identify the influence of career advancement on the performance of business studies teachers

 Research Question

The following questions is raise to guide the study

  1. To what extent does irregular payment of teachers salary affect teachers performance
  2. What are the impact of motivation on business studies teachers
  3. To what extent has the working conditions of teachers influence on the teaching performance?
  4. To what extent has career advancement influence the performance of business studies teachers.

Research Hypothesis

  1. H0: There is no significant relationship between teacher’s salary and the    performance of teachers
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H1: There is significant relationship between teacher’s salary and the performance of teachers

  1. H0: There is no significant relationship in the impact of motivations of male and female business studies teachers

H1: There is significant difference in the impact of motivations of male and female business studies teachers

     3.  H0: There is no significant relationship in the working condition of teachers and the performance of business studies teachers

H1: There is significant difference in the working condition of teachers and the performance of business studies teachers

  1. H0There is no significant relationship between career advancement of   male and female teachers performance in business studies.

H1There is significant difference between career advancement of male and female teachers performance in business studies.

The Scope of the Study

This research study was limited to Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State, nine public secondary school was used for this study in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State.

Based on the study it restricted to determine the impact of motivation on business studies teachers, extent to which irregular payment of teachers salary affect teachers performance, extent to which working condition of teachers influence on the teaching performance and extent to which career advancement influence the performance of business studies teachers.

Significance of the Study

The result of the study should be of great benefit to the teachers educational administration, the parents, the government, the society and educational researchers.

The result of the study should be to great extent, enable educational administrations understand the importance of teachers motivation in uplifting the standard of education in relation to the National objectives.

The study should also sensitize the government and state holders in education on the need for teachers. Consideration while making education policies knowing fully well that the success of any educational policy is the direct function of teachers motivational factors. The finding of the study or research as the case may be, should serve as a source of literature for future educational researchers in related field study

Definition of Terms

Motivation: This is the means of activity the behavior of an individual towards the achievement of certain goals

Standard of Educator: This can e defined as the bench mark drawn by the government in terms of skills, knowledge and technical know how of her citizens for the brining of a better tomorrow and forward the growth of the economy Fringe Benefit: This can be defined as benefit provided by the employer to an employee, example can be; tax exemption bonus, promotion incentives.

Teacher: Can be defined as a person which is acquainted with pedagogical skills of impacting knowledge and skills leadership and leadership style. Leadership can be defined as the action of guidance, control, management of individuals to the attainment of set goals and self actualization.

Teacher’s performance: The key aspects of teaching involve the use of instructional materials, teaching  methods,  regular  assessment  of  students,  making  lesson  plans,  assessment  of pupils, conduct of fieldwork, teachers, participation in sports, attending school assembly and guidance and counseling.  Therefore, teacher job performance is the teacher’s ability  to  integrate  the  experience,  teaching  methods,  instructional  materials,  knowledge  and  skills  in  delivering  subject  matter  to  students  in  and  outside  the  classroom  (Bennell,  2004).

Leadership Style: Can be referred to as a leaders way of providing direction, implementing plans and motivating the subordinates.

Promotion: promotion defined as the activity that supports or provides active encouragement for the furthermoreance of a cause venture or aim. It is also the action of raising someone to a higher position or rank or fact of being so raised.


Pages:  93

Category: Project

Format:  Word & PDF               

Chapters: 1-5                                          

Source: Imsuinfo

Material contains Table of Content, Abstract and References.

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