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Extent Of The Utilization Of E-Learning Facilities In Primary Schools In Oshimili South Local Government Area Of Delta State

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ABSTRACT

This study examined the extent of the utilization of e-learning facilities in primary schools in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State. Three research questions guided the study. A descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised of the three thousand and twenty (3020) primary four pupils (male and female) in all the 23 public primary schools in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State; out of the 23 public primary schools in Oshimili South, 9 schools were randomly selected. In each school, one stream of primary 4 pupils was selected through balloting. A total of 135 pupils were sampled (Male and Female). The instrument used for data collection was a structured questionnaire, which was constructed by the researcher and validated by two lecturers in Primary Education Department of Federal College of Education (Technical) Asaba. One hundred and thirty-five (135) copies of the validated questionnaires were administered on the primary four pupils in the selected primary schools in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta by the researcher with the help of 2 research assistants and 125 were retrieved and analyzed using mean statistics. The findings from the study revealed that e-learning facilities are available for effective teaching in primary schools, they available once are widely used and the utilization is affected by several factors such as inadequate electricity supply, poor maintenance culture, lack of technology experts, among others.

 CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Electronic learning or e-learning as popularly called has been variously defined by different authors. Like the name sounds electronic learning is learning via electronic means. E-learning involves use of electronic media (The internet, Digital Versatile Disk (DVD), Compact Disk Read Only Memory (CD-ROM), video tape, television, cell phones etc.) for teaching and learning at a distance. E-learning is the use of technology to deliver solutions that enhance knowledge and performance. E-learning is an inclusive term that describes educational technology that electronically supports learning and teaching. It is a technological medium that assists in the communication of knowledge and its development and exchange, also e-learning includes multimedia learning. E-learning was useful and utilized in some parts of Nigeria during the outbreak of the pandemic, (Covid-19) in 2020 a lot of schools in Nigeria started on-line learning because pupils could no longer go to the classrooms for their lessons due to the lockdown. This was to reduce the spread of the deadly disease.

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The Wikipedia (2014) refers to e-learning as the use of electronic media and information communication technologies (ICT) in education broadly speaking, it includes all forms of educational technology in teaching and learning, e-learning is synonymous to multimedia learning, Technology Enhance Learning (TEL), Computer Based Interaction (CBL), Computer Based Training (CBT), Computer Assisted Intrusion Or Computer Aided Instruction to mention but a few.

Onyechi and Obikaeze (2011) defined e-learning as a formal and non-formal education that uses electronic delivery method such as internet based learning delivery packages, CD ROM, Online video conferencing, website or e-mail to manage the relationship between teachers and pupils. E-learning refers to a learning system that we can obtain through the internet using an electronic device. E-learning, also referred to as online learning or electronic learning, is the acquisition of knowledge which takes place through electronic technologies and media. In simple language, e-learning is defined as “learning that is enabled electronically”.

Sarah (2017) defines e-learning as electronic media used for various learning purposes ranging from conventional classroom add-on functions to online substitution for face-to-face meetings with online encounters. Clark and Mayor (2016) defined E-learning as instructions delivered through digital devices with the intent of supporting learning.  Arkorful and Abaidoo (2015) defined e-learning as using information and communication technologies to for enabling access to online teaching and learning resources.  They added that e-learning as using Internet technologies for enhancing performance and knowledge.  It is a learning by utilizing electronic technologies for accessing educational curriculums outside of traditional classrooms.

In recent decades, the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) for educational purposes has increased, and the spread of network technologies has caused e-learning practices to evolve significantly (Kahiigi, 2018). The discussion of the definition and practices of e-learning focuses on the intersection of education, teaching, and learning with ICT (Friesen, 2014). It is undoubtedly preceded by two other disciplines: educational technology and distance education. Both have significantly contributed to the intensive use of ICT for educational purposes, but neither can be strictly equated with e-learning. E-learning could also be considered a natural evolution of distance learning, which has always taken advantage of the latest tools to emerge in the context of technologies for structuring education. No doubt, e-learning has proven to be one of the best ways to prove teaching and learning. Hence the need to ascertain the impact of e-learning on academic performance of primary school pupils.

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Statement of the Problem

The importance of the use of facilities (teaching aids) in teaching at the primary school level cannot be over-emphasized. This is because they make learning more real and concrete, thereby attracting and sustaining pupils’ interest throughout the lesson bringing about better academic performance.

The world is gradually moving from the conventional face-to-face teaching to a more convenient teaching learning called e-learning. E-learning was used in most schools in Nigeria during the Covid-19 lockdown, bringing about continuous education.

However, most pupils are not familiar with the e-learning facilities used in primary schools which many believe that it could be as a result of the non-utilization of such facilities. Could the non-usage of instructional materials be as a result of inadequate facilities? Could it be as a result of teachers’ negative attitude towards the usage? Or Could it be as a result of inadequate funding?

It is against the light of the above that this study is carried out to ascertain the extent of the use of e-learning facilities in primary schools in Oshimili South local government area of Delta State.

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to assess the extent of the utilization of e-learning facilities in primary schools in Oshimili South local government area of Delta State. Specifically, the study sought to:

  1. assess the availability of e-learning facilities for teaching in primary schools in Oshimili South.
  2. evaluate the extent of the utilization of audio e-learning facilities in primary schools in Oshimili South.
  3. Examine the factors affecting the effective utilization of e-learning facilities in primary schools in Oshimili South.
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Research Questions

The following questions guided the researcher in collecting data from the respondents:

  1. what are the available e-learning facilities for teaching in primary schools in Oshimili South?
  2. what is the extent of the utilization of audio e-learning facilities in primary schools in Oshimili South?
  3. what are the factors affecting the effective utilization of e-learning facilities in primary schools in Oshimili South?

Significance of the Study

The study would be of benefit to pupils, teachers, government, field of Primary education and researchers as a whole.

The study would enable the pupils get to know the kinds of e-learning facilities available for teaching and learning so that they can effectively learn how to use them

It would also be of help the teachers to know the available e-learning facilities and the factors affecting the effective utilization of such facilities so that they can work with relevant agencies to tackle the challenges for effective utilization of the available e-learning facilities.

The government through the findings of this study would be aware of the level of the availability of e-learning facilities at the primary schools and the factors responsible for non-utilization of the facilities. This would also enable them provide more facilities for the effective teaching and learning at the primary school level.

Finally, the study could add to the literature in the field of Primary Education which would also serve as a reference material to researchers who may wish to carry out a similar study.

Delimitation/Scope of the Study

This study investigated the extent of the utilization of e-learning facilities in primary schools in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State, with particular emphasis on the availability of e-learning facilities, extent of utilization of audio, audio-visual facilities and the factors affecting the effective utilization of e-learning facilities at the primary school level. The study was delimited to public primary schools in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State.


Pages:  50

Category: Project

Format:  Word & PDF               

Chapters: 1-5                                          

Source: Imsuinfo

Material contains Table of Content, Abstract and References.

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