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Assessment Of Human And Material Resources For Effective Teaching Of Business Studies In Asaba Urban As Perceived By Business Studies Teachers

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ABSTRACT

The examined the assessment of human and material resources for effective teaching of Business Studies in Asaba Urban as perceived by business studies teachers. To achieve the essence, the study was divided into five chapters. Three research questions were raised and answered in the study.  The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The population of the study consists of all the business studies teachers teaching in public Junior Secondary Schools in Asaba. Due to the small nature of the population, there was no sample because the population was a manageable one. The instrument for data collection was questionnaire which was validated by two lecturers from the school of Business Education and expert in measurement and evaluation. The reliability of the instrument was determined through test re-test method. Using Pearson Product Moment correlation coefficient the result yielded 0.80. The method of data analysis was mean statistics to answer the research questions. The findings of the study revealed that the type of instructional materials used by the teacher influences the teaching and learning of business studies, teachers attitude in the use of instructional materials influence the teaching and learning of business studies and students attitude to the use of instructional materials influence the teaching and learning of business students. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that teachers should provide the instructional materials needed to facilitate teaching and learning process in public junior secondary schools, government should supply needed instructional materials to enhance teaching and learning in junior school since the availability of teaching aids makes students performance better and parents should provide the basic needs of their children in the teaching and learning process in junior secondary schools and also endeavour to check their children note every day.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Business is any activity performed or services rendered which provide goods or services to satisfy human needs and desires. Olatunji (2015),  asserted that it should be noted that any business activity must be legal and must bring a reward or profit.  The goods and services provided in any business activity must result in the provision of tangible or intangible goods. Tangible goods are products you can see physically or hold e.g biro, shoes, dresses etc while intangible goods are what cannot be seen or touch, it involves service rendered by teachers, doctors, engineer, etc.

In line with the above, Olatunji (2015), stated that business studies can therefore be seen as an academic subject that embraces areas such as accounting, marketing and economics.” Business study is the study at an academic level of how businesses operate in the various global market places, both at a practical and theoretical level.

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However, Nwankwo (2015), stated that most business studies teachers do not make use of human and material resource in teaching and learning of business studies, he further stated that the educational sector in Nigeria is in continuous change with the advancement in the level of technology and introduction of teaching aids. The effectiveness of the use of instructional materials for the teaching and learning of business education can only be seen in the level of academic performance of students in business education (Chika, 2014).

Mbadugha (2017), stated that material resources provide the physical media through which the intents of the curriculum are experienced. He further stated that material resources are collections of materials and equipment that processes instruction and training; such materials and equipment may be derived from the objectives of teaching and learning. They assist in putting across information and enable both teaching and learning to be effectively done. The importance of material resources in enhancing effective teaching and learning of business studies cannot be undermined due to the positive impact it has on the level of assimilation of students (Atakps, 2017). Teaching-learning of Business studies in schools without material resources such as, chart, maps, curves and graphs etc will not bring out the expected results. Most researchers have discovered the problems of inadequate material resources as one of the major problem that lead to poor academic performance of students in Business studies (Uzoegwu, 2014).

The materials being used in teaching were called material resources, teaching aids, they are to assist the achievement of the stated educational goals and objectives. This means that teaching aids are helping in teaching and learning and also provide help in developing similar skills in solving relevant problems in Business studies for instance, students negative attitude to Business studies is due to poor perception of the course; Business studies as a subject is very simple but because of lack of qualified and experienced teacher to handle the subject, makes it difficult to the students in the secondary schools during teaching and learning process. The influence of using material resources in promoting students’ academic performance in teaching and learning in educational development is indisputable (Abdullahhi, 2017). He further stated that the teaching of Business studies in Nigerian secondary schools need to be properly handled because business studies contribute to the nation’s economic development, hence their need to be taught thoroughly if it is to meet the educational and economical development.

The effectiveness of utilizing appropriate material resources in teaching and learning of Business studies is not void of quality instructor. In order to give quality Education to the younger generation, there is need for employment of more competent, experienced and qualified business studies teachers. The need to identify suitable material resources, by which students can be made to trap the extent of the subject easily, is the focus of this study. However, the use of material resources in secondary schools, would help in improving the teaching and learning and academic performance of students in business studies respectively. Material resources which are Educational inputs are of vital importance to the teaching of any subject in the school curriculum. Wales in Richard (2015), was of the opinion that availability and the use of instructional resources would make discovered fact glued firmly to the memory of students. Emmanuel (2018) also added that, a well planned and imaginative use of visual aids in lesson should do much to banish apathy, supplement in adequacy of books as well as arouse students’ interest by giving them something practical to see and do and at the same time helping to think things out themselves. Selection of materials can help in-depth understanding of lesson by the students in which they make the lesson attractive, thereby capturing their attention and motivating them to learn. It is on this premises that made the researcher to investigate on the assessment of human and material resources for effective teaching of business studies in Oshimili South Local Government Area as perceived by teachers.

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Statement of the Problem

Inspite of the importance of instructional material, the research seek to ascertain if the following reason are the problems militating against the use material resources in teaching and learning of business studies in schools. These include; lack of electricity supply to operate some visual aids, lack of qualified educational technologists to operate them, unavailability and inaccessibility of media, non-existence of Education Resources’ Centers (ERC), incompetence of teachers, large classes, lack of facilities, centralized funding and media acquisition arrangements. However, curriculum planners should emphasize the use of instructional materials by teachers for a break-through in educational attainments. Thus, this makes it imperative to investigate on the assessment of human and material resources for effective teaching of business studies in Oshimili South Local Government Area as perceived by teachers.

Purpose of the Study

The general purpose of this study is to determine the assessment of human and material resources for effective teaching of business studies in  Oshimili South Local Government Area as Perceived by teachers.

Specifically, the study sought to:

  1. determine the type of instructional materials used by the teachers in the teaching and learning of business studies in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State.
  2. determine how teachers’ attitude to the use of instructional materials influence the teaching and learning of business studies in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State.
  3. determine how students’ attitude to the use of instructional materials influence the teaching and learning of business students in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State.
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Research Question

The following research questions guided the study:

  1. To what extent does the type of instructional materials used by the teachers influences the teaching and learning of business studies?
  2. To what extent does teachers’ attitude to the use of instructional materials influence the teaching and learning of business studies?
  3. To what extent does students’ attitude to the use of instructional materials influence the teaching and learning of business studies? 

Significance of the Study

The study would be of immense benefit to students, teacher, government and researchers. The use of instructional materials gives the learner opportunity to touch, smell or taste objects in the teaching and learning process. Consequently, knowledge passed unto the students at different levels of educational instructions should be well planned and properly aligned with relevant instructional materials for clarity and comprehensibility. The effective use of instructional materials would enable them to effectively learn and retain what they have learnt and thereby advancing their performance in the subject in question.

To the teachers, the study would be of immense benefit because after perusing this study the teacher will be able to understand the benefit of instructional material in classroom because it makes teaching and learning of business studies easier and clearer for students understanding, having known the importance of the instructional material in classroom. The teacher will be able to make amend and see how he/she will make sure instructional material is used in every of his/her classes.

To the government, the study will also be of immense benefit because it will enable government understand the relevance of instructional material and having known the relevance of instructional material they will be able to see the areas where the school lack adequate instructional material and see how they can provide the schools with the instructional materials that there are lacking in schools.

The study would also be significant to the educational system and society at large. This is because when teachers solidify their teaching with concrete instructional materials and the learners learn effectively, the knowledge acquired will reflect in the society positively.

Scope of the Study

The scope of the study is limited to the assessment of human and material resources for effective teaching of business studies in Oshimili South Local Government Area as perceived by teachers. Specifically, the study focused on various types of instructional materials used by the, teachers attitude to use of instructional materials and students attitude to the use of instructional materials.


Pages:  69

Category: Project

Format:  Word & PDF               

Chapters: 1-5                                          

Source: Imsuinfo

Material contains Table of Content, Abstract and References.

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