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Information Literacy Skill and Utilization of Electronic Resources by Students of Imo State University, Owerri




This study examined the Use of the information literacy skills of students of Imo State University, Owerri. Information Search Process Model (ISP) and constructivist learning theory was used as the theoretical background. Other related literatures were reviewed. The research design for this study is descriptive survey. The area of study is Imo state University. The population of the study comprises of nine hundred and eight thousand 908,000 undergraduate students enrolled in Imo State University  with sample size of four hundred  (400).  self -structured rating scale and likert scale was used as an instrument for data collection for the study.  Descriptive statistics of mean scores were used to analyze data for data analysis. the findings of the study are: online databases,  E-books, online Journals,  Institutional digital repositories, Encyclopedias and reference sources are electronic resources used, Information seeking, source evaluation, information retrieval,  ethical and legal use of information,  effective communication are the information literacy skills possessed by the students of Imo State University, online databases, on E-books,  websites, Online videos and webinars, digital libraries are information literacy skills in utilization of electronic resources re information literacy skills in utilization of electronic resources, Inadequate or insufficient instruction on information literacy skills,  Students face difficulties in navigating and using electronic resources, Students who are non-native speakers or have limited language proficiency, on Lack awareness of what information literacy skills, on Problem from busy schedules and multiple academic responsibilities are challenges faced by students in the acquisition of information literacy skills. The study recommended that, There should be provision of Electronic resources used by the students in the schools, The students should be trained on Information Literacy Skills to help enhance their performance in the school, The Use of Information Literacy Skills in Utilization of Electronic Resources should be made available in the school, The Acquisition Of Information Literacy Skills should be enhanced and improved to help the students.



In this chapter, the researcher discussed the following subheadings: background to the study, statement of the problem, scope of the study, purpose of the study, significance of the study and research questions.

Background to the Study

In today’s digital age, the utilization of electronic resources has become an integral part of students’ academic and research endeavours. The rapid advancement of technology has provided students with unprecedented access to a vast array of electronic resources, including online databases, e-books, journals, and websites. Electronic resources refer to digital materials and information that are accessible and available through electronic means, typically accessed via computers, tablets, smartphones, or other digital devices. These resources can include online databases, e-books, e-journals, websites, multimedia content, and other digital materials that provide information and knowledge in various fields (Bonn & Bonn, 2022). However, the effective utilization of these resources requires a set of essential skills known as information literacy skills (Ankrah, Boateng, & Amartey, 2018).

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Information literacy skills refer to the ability to identify, locate, evaluate, and effectively use information from various sources. These skills are crucial for students to navigate the vast amount of information available in electronic resources and to become critical thinkers, independent learners, and active participants in the digital information landscape (Bruce, 2017). Developing information literacy skills is vital for students to adapt to the changing information landscape and to thrive in their academic pursuits.

It is essential for students to develop information literacy skills specifically tailored for their utilization. These skills encompass various aspects, including the ability to formulate effective search strategies, critically evaluate the credibility and authority of online sources, analyze and synthesize information from multiple sources, and ethically use and cite electronic resources (American Library Association, 2015). By acquiring these skills, students can enhance their research capabilities, improve the quality of their academic work, and become more engaged and informed digital citizens.

The utilization of electronic resources in education brings forth numerous benefits for students. Firstly, electronic resources provide access to a wealth of up-to-date and relevant information that can greatly enhance students’ learning experiences (Abdullah, 2019). With just a few clicks, students can access a vast array of scholarly articles, research papers, and academic publications, enabling them to delve deeper into their subjects and explore multiple perspectives. Additionally, electronic resources offer the convenience of 24/7 access, allowing students to study and conduct research at their own pace and from any location with an internet connection (Griffiths & Brophy, 2017).

Despite the immense potential of electronic resources, many students encounter challenges in effectively utilizing them. Students often struggle with information overload, the inability to evaluate the credibility and relevance of sources, and difficulties in navigating complex databases and search interfaces (Koltay, 2016). These challenges can hinder students’ ability to locate and utilize the most appropriate and reliable information for their academic needs.

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Educational institutions and libraries play a critical role in fostering information literacy skills among students. They have the responsibility to provide students with access to electronic resources and to offer guidance and support in developing effective strategies for their utilization (Kapitzke, 2017). Additionally, educators can integrate information literacy instruction into their curriculum, helping students develop the necessary skills to navigate the digital information landscape effectively.

It is based on this background that the researcher carried out this study on the information literacy skills of students at Imo State University, Owerri, with a specific focus on their utilization of electronic resources.

 Statement of the Problem

In today’s digital age, electronic resources play a crucial role in students’ academic success and lifelong learning. However, many students face challenges in effectively utilizing electronic resources which may be due to lack of information literacy skills. This problem is particularly evident among students at Imo State University, Owerri, who may struggle to locate, evaluate, and use electronic resources to support their studies and research. The researcher therefore wonders if the inability to utilize electronic resources is because of poor information literacy skill. This is what this study is set to examine.

Scope of the Study

This study aims to explore the information literacy skills of students of Imo State University, Owerri, specifically in relation to the utilization of electronic resources. Only the undergraduate students in the Faculty of Education, Imo State University will be studied.

The study will also cover the following concepts: electronic resources, information literacy skills, challenges of acquiring information literacy skills.

 Purpose of the Study

The general purpose of this study is to examine the information literacy skills of students of Imo State University, Owerri, with a specific focus on their utilization of electronic resources. The  specific purposes of the study are as follows:

  1. to identify the electronic resources used by the students of Imo State University.
  2. to find out the information literacy skills possessed by the students.
  3. to ascertain the extent students use information literacy skills in utilization of electronic resources; and
  4. to examine the challenges faced by students in acquisition of information literacy skills.

Significance of the Study

This study holds significant importance for various stakeholders such as students, faculty members, University administrators, library and information science professionals, employers and industries, societies and researchers.

The study will directly benefit students by enhancing their information literacy skills and equipping them with the necessary competencies to effectively utilize electronic resources. Improved skills in locating, evaluating, and using information will support their academic success, research capabilities, and overall learning experience.

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Faculty members play a crucial role in guiding students’ learning and research processes. The study’s findings can inform faculty members about the existing information literacy skills gaps among students, helping them develop targeted interventions, instructional materials, and assignments that promote effective utilization of electronic resources. This can lead to improved teaching and learning outcomes.

Understanding the information literacy skills of students is essential for university administrators in planning and implementing relevant policies and support services. The findings can inform decisions related to curriculum development, resource allocation, and the provision of information literacy training programs or workshops to enhance students’ skills.

As custodians of information resources and providers of library services, librarians and information professionals can utilize the study’s findings to design and deliver targeted information literacy programs, workshops, and tutorials. This will ensure that students have the necessary skills to access, evaluate, and effectively use the electronic resources available in the university library.

Employers value graduates who possess strong information literacy skills. By improving students’ information literacy competencies, the study can contribute to producing graduates who are better prepared for the demands of the modern workplace. This benefits employers by having a pool of job-ready individuals who can effectively utilize electronic resources for research, problem-solving, and decision-making.

The skills are crucial for informed citizenship and lifelong learning. By equipping students with these skills, the study contributes to producing individuals who can critically evaluate information, engage in evidence-based decision-making, and contribute to the social, economic, and cultural development of their communities.

The findings of this study will be beneficial to researchers as it will give them foundational information on the subject area. They may also review it as empirical study. It will add to already existing knowledge on the subject area.

Research Questions

The following research questions are posed to guide the study:

  1. What are the electronic resources used by the students of Imo State University?
  2. To what are the information literacy skills possessed by the students?
  3. What extent do students use information literacy skills in utilization of electronic resources?
  4. What are the challenges faced by students in the acquisition of information literacy skills?

    Pages:  60

    Category: Project

    Format:  Word & PDF               

    Chapters: 1-5                                          

    Source: Imsuinfo

    Material contains Table of Content, Abstract and References.


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